Energy Performance of Buildings Directive

Summary

The EPBD (2002/91/EC) came into force on 4 January 2003 and is the main legislative instrument at EU level to achieve energy performance in buildings. Under this Directive, Member States must apply minimum requirements as regards the energy performance of new and existing buildings, ensure the certification of their energy performance and require the regular inspection of boilers and air conditioning systems in buildings.

On the 19 May 2010 the European Parliament and Council published a recast of the Directive (2010/31/EU) containing amendments. The purpose of the recast was to strengthen energy performance requirements and to clarify and streamline.

Member States shall bring into force, by 20 June 2011 at the latest, the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive.

Key Impacts

This Directive lays down requirements as regards:

  • The general framework for a methodology of calculation of the integrated energy performance of buildings.
  • The application of minimum requirements on the energy performance of new buildings.
  • A comparative methodology framework for calculating cost-optimal levels of minimum energy performance requirements for buildings and building elements (by 30 June 2011).  The results of this calculation will be compared with minimum energy performance requirements.
  • The application of minimum requirements on the energy performance of new buildings.
  • The application of minimum requirements on the energy performance of any existing buildings that are subject to major renovation (Currently, there is a threshold of 1,000m²).
  • The application of minimum energy performance requirements of technical buildings systems, e.g boilers, air-conditioning units etc.

Increasing the number of nearly zero-energy buildings, where:

  1. By 31 December 2020, all new buildings are nearly zero- energy buildings; and
  2. After 31 December 2018, new buildings occupied and owned by public authorities are nearly zero-energy buildings.

Energy Performance Certificates to be issued for:

  1. Buildings constructed, sold or rented to a new tenant; and
  2. Buildings where a total useful floor area larger than 500m² is occupied by a public authority and frequently visited by the public (currently 1000m²).  On 9 July 2015, this threshold of 500m² shall be lowered to 250m².
  3. Where a total useful floor area over 500m² of a building for which an energy performance certificate has been issued is occupied by public authorities and frequently visited by the public, the energy performance certificate is displayed in a prominent place clearly visible to the public. On 9 July 2015, this threshold of 500m²shall be lowered to 250m².
  4. Where a total useful floor area over 500 m 2 of a building for which an energy performance certificate has been issued is frequently visited by the public, the energy performance certificate is to be displayed in a prominent place clearly visible to the public.
  5. Regular inspection of heating systems, with boilers of an effective heat rated output for space heating purposes of more than 20kW, and of air-conditioning systems in buildings, and the issue of inspection reports.
  6. Energy performance certification of buildings and the inspection of heating systems and air-conditioning systems are carried out in an independent manner by qualified and/or accredited experts, whether operating as sole traders or employed by public or private enterprise bodies.
  7. Independent control systems are established for energy performance certificates and reports on the inspection of heating and air-conditioning systems.
Chillaire
Air Conditioning - Heating - Ventilation